Anniversaries & holidays

International Holocaust Remembrance Day - the program of celebrations

POmin Bohaterów Getta - duży monument z granitu z rzeźbionymi postaciami Żydów z getta warszawskiego, widziany zza płomieni palących się przed nim zniczy
fot. Danuta Matloch/Muzeum Historii Żydów Polskich POLIN

On 27 January 1945, the Nazi Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp was liberated. Over the course of nearly five years when the so-called “death factory” was in operation, approximately 1.1 million Jews from all over Europe and hundreds of thousand inmates of other nationalities perished there. In 2005, in order to honour the memory of the Holocaust victims and to teach the future generations about the tragedy of Nazi genocide, the United Nations declared 27 January the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.

To preserve the memory of the victims and to warn against hatred, racism and prejudice, POLIN Museum prepared the following program of events to mark the International Holocaust Remembrance Day: 

  • 9AM - Thou shalt not be indifferent - a video
    • Watch the video >>

      We encourage you to watch the material in which we reminisce on Marian Turski’s speech from 27 January 2020 in which he said: “If you are indifferent, you will not even notice it when upon your own heads, and upon the heads of your descendants, another Auschwitz falls from the sky.” We asked a number of people from the fields of science and culture what the eleventh commandment Mr Turski spoke out means to them and how we could use it for the betterment of our society, our reality and our daily lives.

      Marian Turski’ speech is made available courtesy of the archives of TVP SA
  • 2PM - Who were they, what did they feel, what happened to them? — a tour of the Holocaust gallery (1939-1945); guide: Dr Anita Borkowska
    • Watch the video >>

      The outbreak of World War Two shattered the dreams, plans and hopes of thousands of Jewish men and women. The Holocaust gallery tells us what happened to the Jewish people in the years 1939-1945—starting with discriminating decrees and isolation leading to physical extermination. We show the places that played a key role in the history of the Warsaw ghetto and we find out who the people crammed in the sealed Jewish quarter and deported from there in the summer of 1942 were. We present those who, on 19 April 1943, put up a resistance against the Nazi perpetrators in order to alarm the world of the tragedy that befell the Jewish nation. We learn about their lives, we hear the words they used to describe their emotions while talking about motivation, hope, trust or disillusionment. Online tour will be guided by Dr Anita Borkowska, POLIN Museum guide.
  • 7.30PM-9PM - "Eleventh Commandment: Thou Shalt Not Be Indifferent" – a discussion
    • Live meeting on the POLIN Museum Facebook profile >>

      On 27 January 2020, Marian Turski, a historian, journalist and social activist, former inmate of KL Auschwitz-Birkenau and KL Buchenwald, delivered a memorable speech on the occasion of 75th anniversary of the Auschwitz camp liberation. He appealed first and foremost to the young generation, warning them not to be indifferent in the face of evil. Experts invited by POLIN Museum will discuss the public reception of the eleventh commandment in the forever changing reality of today’s world. They will seek answers to the question of what it means nowadays not to be indifferent and how we should use the lesson that the history teaches us.

      Invited guests: 
      • Adam Bodnar – Polish Ombudsman for Citizen Rights
      • Piotr Forecki – political scientist, professor at the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań
      • Draginja Nadaždin – head of Amnesty International Poland
      • Chair: Anna Bikont – journalist and writer