First Encounters (960–1500)

In the tenth century, first Jews travelled as merchants through the territory of Poland. Five hundred years later they settled here for good, residing in over hundred towns.

Find out where from the Jews arrived in Poland, where they settled and why. Get acquainted with the way Jewish communities functioned in the Middle Ages. Check out the oldest artefact in our exhibition—a thirteenth-century bracteate, a coin with Hebrew letters on it.

Scholarly supervision of the gallery: Prof. Hanna Zaremska (Institute of History, Polish Academy of Sciences).


The project implementation and production of the core exhibition was made possible thanks to the Association of the Jewish Historical Institute of Poland. The creation of the exhibition was possible thanks to the support of donors from around the world.